What caused the Civil War? A number of issues ignited the Civil War: states' rights, the role of the federal government, the preservation of the Union, the economy; but all were inextricably bound to the institution of slavery. To what end did 620,000 soldiers sacrifice their lives? In the end, the Civil War determined what type of country we would be-united; and what type of people we would be-free. Soft cover, 25 pages.